Lewis acidity probing methods for polymerization, cracking and hydroprocessing catalysts
This research aims for the development of chemical imaging tools enabling the visualization of Lewis acidic sites in three different catalytic systems: Fluid catalytic cracking (FCC) catalysts, hydroprocessing catalysts (HPC) and metallocene polymerization catalysts. This project is carried out in collaboration with Ara Muñoz Murillo, who works in our group as a postdoc
Metallocenes in combination with methylaluminoxane as a cocatalyst form extremely active catalysts for olefin polymerization. Moreover, the choice of ligand determines the zirconocene symmetry and chirality, leading towards a different tacticity of the resulting polymers. In this catalyst, the zirconocene precursor is believed to be activated by the Lewis acidic sites from the silica-supported methylaluminoxane. The chloride ligands are hereby extracted and partially replaced with methyl groups by the MAO, creating a vacant site for ethylene polymerization, as can be seen in Figure 1.
My project involves the use of micro-spectroscopic techniques in combination with probe molecules to determine the strength and distribution of the Lewis acidic sites on the supported MAO and, subsequently, the distribution of the active zirconocene species with the aim to correlate the results to the catalyst polymerization activity. This micro-spectroscopic study of the solid catalyst builds on previously reported spectroscopic studies of this system in solution. Furthermore, the UV-Vis micro-spectroscopic study of single particles is compared to in-situ UV-Vis DRS measurements during gas phase polymerization reactions.
Figure 1: The zirconocene precursor is activated by the Lewis acidic sites of the silica-supported MAO, yielding the active species for olefin polymerization.
 Kaminsky, Catalysis Today 20, 257 – 271 (1994)
 D. Coevoet et al., Macromol. Chem. Phys. 199, 1451 – 1457 (1998)
2014 – present:
PhD research at the department of Inorganic Chemistry and Catalysis, Utrecht University under the supervision of Prof. dr. ir. B.M. Weckhuysen
Half year research project at SUNCAT center for interface science and catalysis, Stanford University, USA
2012 – 2014:
Master’s degree: “Nanomaterials: Chemistry and Physics”, Utrecht University
Thesis: “Study of Acidic and Basic Properties of Silica-Magnesia Catalysts in the Conversion of Ethanol into 1,3-Butadiene” (supervision of C. Angelici, dr P.C.A. Bruijnincx and prof. B.M. Weckhuysen)
2009 – 2012:
Bachelor’s degree in Chemistry, Utrecht University
Thesis: “Influence of Particle Size and Distribution in Nickel/Silica catalysts on deactivation during methanation” (supervision of P. Munnik and prof. K.P. de Jong)
2003 – 2009:
Secondary School: “Christelijk Lyceum Zeist”, the Netherlands
Born June 29th in Zeist, the Netherlands
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