Marte van der Linden

Postdoctoral Fellow
Employed since:
Phone: +316 41675486
Room: 5th floor open office



Ultrasmall nanoparticles with sizes around 1 nm are also called nanoclusters. They have a “countable” number of atoms (anything from a couple to tens of atoms). Using appropriate ligands such as thiols, extremely stable gold and silver nanoclusters can be prepared in solution. It is even possible to prepare atomically monodisperse nanoclusters (for example [Au25(SR)18]-, where ‘SR’ is the thiolate ligand). In bulk gold the energy levels of the atoms overlap to form a continuous band, but this is not the case for gold nanoclusters. Due to their extremely small size, the latter have discrete energy levels. This gives rise to interesting optical properties such as sharp absorption transitions and luminescence. [1,2]

I am interested in the relationship between the structure of gold (and silver) nanoclusters and their optoelectronic properties. I will investigate the effect of dithiol vs monothiol ligands on cluster structure and the mechanism of nanocluster formation. In addition to optical spectroscopy I will use X-ray absorption spectroscopy (EXAFS to investigate nanocluster structure and size, XANES to determine oxidation state of gold and sulfur).

Finally, there have been many reports of magnetic properties of gold nanoparticles, although the origin of this magnetism remains unclear [3]. When bulk techniques are used to characterize these magnetic properties, sample contamination (with for example iron) is an issue. This can be avoided by using the element- sensitive technique XMCD. With perfectly monodisperse gold nanoclusters, it should be possible to correlate magnetism (if any) with nanocluster size and structure.

1. Jin, R. (2010). Quantum sized, thiolate-protected gold nanoclusters. Nanoscale, 2(3), 343–62.
2. Lu, Y., & Chen, W. (2012). Sub-nanometre sized metal clusters: from synthetic challenges to the unique property discoveries. Chemical Society Reviews, 41(9), 3594–3623.
3. Nealon, G. L., Donnio, B., Greget, R., Kappler, J.-P., Terazzi, E., & Gallani, J.-L. (2012). Magnetism in gold nanoparticles. Nanoscale, 4(17), 5244–58.



2014 – present:
PhD student at the Inorganic Chemistry & Catalysis group, under the supervision of prof. dr. Frank de Groot. I will also work part of the time at beamline ID26 of the European Synchrotron Radiation Facility (ESRF), under the supervision of dr. Pieter Glatzel.

Master’s degree “Nanomaterials: Chemistry and Physics” at Utrecht University (cum laude) . Winner of the KNCV Golden Master Award 2013 for best chemistry master’s thesis.Thesis: “Characterisation of luminescent silver nanoclusters” (supervised by dr. Patrick Chin, dr. Celso de Mello Donega and prof. dr. Andries Meijerink)
Internship (5 months) at the University of Cambridge: “Gelation of colloidal silica – the role of ionic species” (supervised by dr. Pietro Cicuta and dr. Andrei Petukhov)

Bachelor’s degree in Chemistry at Utrecht University (cum laude). Participant in the honours programme.
Thesis: “Quantifying interactions between PbSe nanoparticles with cryo-TEM” (supervised by Jos van Rijssel MSc and dr. Ben Erné)

Participant in the International Chemistry Olympiad (IChO) in Budapest, Hungary.

Secondary school: Orkdal Vidaregåande Skole in Orkanger, Norway.
Finalist in the Norwegian Chemistry Olympiad (2nd place) and the Norwegian Physics Olympiad (6th place).

Born in Utrecht, the Netherlands on April 14th.


Linden, Van Der M; Bunningen, Van A J; Delgado-Jaime, M U; Detlefs, B; Glatzel, P; Longo, A; Groot, De F M F

Insights into the Synthesis Mechanism of Ag29 Nanoclusters Journal Article

Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 122 (49), pp. 28351-28361, 2018, (cited By 0).

Links | BibTeX

Linden, Van Der M; Bunningen, Van A J; Amidani, L; Bransen, M; Elnaggar, H; Glatzel, P; Meijerink, A; Groot, De F M F

Single Au Atom Doping of Silver Nanoclusters Journal Article

ACS Nano, 12 (12), pp. 12751-12760, 2018, (cited By 0).

Links | BibTeX

Linden, Van Der M; Barendregt, A; Bunningen, Van A J; Chin, P T K; Thies-Weesie, D; Groot, De F M F; Meijerink, A

Characterisation, degradation and regeneration of luminescent Ag29 clusters in solution Journal Article

Nanoscale, 8 (47), pp. 19901-19909, 2016, (cited By 7).

Links | BibTeX