Currently the following calls for literature studies are open. If you are interested please directly contact the indicated supervisor(s).
Supervisor(s): Xinwei Ye and Bert Weckhuysen
Title: Challenges and prospects of direct conversion of methane to methanol: understanding from a molecular level
Project description: Natural methane is abundant and present as methane clathrate, shale gas etc. Methane as the simplest alkane is a potential building block to construct valuable chemicals such as methanol. Direct partial oxidation of methane to methanol is intensively studied, however, the conversion rates are still low. Challenges in direct methane conversion originate from C-H bond activation to prevent over-oxidation in this reaction. In this literature study, methane partial oxidation to methanol will be discussed with respect to thermodynamics, active sites, and reaction pathways in heterogeneous catalyst systems, to identify the key points for constructing active sites and rational design of catalyst structures.
Supervisor(s): Longfei Wu and Ward van der Stam
Title: Operando X-ray Diffraction Technique Towards Understanding Heterogeneous Electrochemical CO2 Reduction
Project description: While extensive efforts have been devoted to the optimization of CO2 reduction catalysts, the underlying structure-performance relationship remains yet to be understood. X-ray diffraction technique, e.g. XRD, provides information about domain size, phases and lattice strain of solid catalysts, which sheds light on the influences of structural effects on catalysts activity and selectivity. The objective of this literature study is to provide an overview of the operando X-ray diffraction technique that is applied in operando electrochemical CO2 reduction.
Supervisor(s): Jim de Ruiter and Ward van der Stam
Title: What economic challenges does CO2 electroreduction entail?
Project description: If we change the point of view from scientific to economical, CO2 can be interpreted as a ‘cheap’ feedstock for many chemicals and products. The word ‘cheap’ is enclosed in quotes, as it cannot easily be considered cheap. Taking the excess CO2 from the atmosphere and convert it into something valuable may sound as a lifechanging idea, it also raises major chemical, economic, political and environmental issues that are not so easy to solve. The review should give a better understanding on the possibilities regarding CO2 reduction from a chemical and economical point of view. Chemically, the review should be focused on electrocatalytic reduction of CO2 and the economic challenges that this entails, along with some examples (and calculations). If there is some room, one could add the pollical point of view as well, which will broaden the overall picture of the story. The aim of the review is to shed some light on the boundary between economy and chemistry in CO2 electroreduction.